Area: 30 million km² / 12 million sq mi
Population: 1.1 billion
Africa is the second-largest continent after Asia. It is bordered by the Mediterranean Sea (north), the Atlantic Ocean (west), the Indian Ocean (southeast) and both the Suez and the Red Sea along the Sinai Peninsula. Africa straddles the equator and has many climatic areas: It is the only continent to stretch from northern temperate to southern temperate zones.